Компютер клавиатурасидаги тугмаларининг, фойдаланувчи учун қулай бўлган асосий бирикмалари

Learning

    Мен профессионал дастурловчи ёки компютер соҳасида мутахассис эмасман, оддий фойдаланувчиман холос ва бунга даъворгарлик қилиш ниятим ҳам йўқ. Лекин менга кўплаб масалаларни ечишнинг “Windows” даги жуда кўплаб усуллари жуда ёқади. Фараз қиламиз, сиз компьютерда бирорта нарсани босмадан чиқармоқчисиз дейлик, у ҳолда «File» менюсидан «Print» командасини танлаш ёки бўлмаса CONTROL+P тугмаларини босиш зарур бўлади. Бу тугмаларнинг бирикмасидан фойдаланишнинг фақат биргина мисоли холос. Маълум бир иш ҳаракатни бажаришда иккита ва ундан кўпроқ тугмалар бирикмасидан фойдаланилади, аммо ҳар қандай тугмани алоҳида босиш билан бу ҳаракатни бажариб бўлмайди.

    Мен доимо улардан фойдаланишга ҳаракат қиламан. Мана мен энг кўп фойдаланадиган тугмалар бирикмаси.

    Тугмаларнинг асосий бирикмалари билан танишиш. Баъзи тугмаларнинг бирикмасидан доимо фойдаланаман. Улар менинг ишимни ниҳоятда енгиллаштиради ва энг муҳими вақтимни тежайди.

  • Белгилаб олинган элементдан нусха кўчириш: CTRL+C
  • Белгилаб олинган элементни қирқиш: CTRL+X
  • Белгилаб олинган элементни керакли жойга жойлаштириш (қўйиш): CTRL+V
  • Бажарилган ҳаракатни бекор қилиш: CTRL+Z
  • Бекор қилинган ҳаракатни орқага қайтариш: CTRL+Y
  • Барчасини белгилаб олиш: CTRL+A
  • Босмадан чиқариш: CTRL+P

    Очилган дарчаларни бошқариш. Одатда компьютердан бир вақтнинг ўзида бир нечта вазифаларни бажариш учун фойдаланасиз. Тугмаларнинг бирикмаси эса ортиқча ҳаракатларсиз ушбу вазифаларни бажариш имконини беради. Кўрсатилган тугмаларнинг бирикмасини амалга ошириб синаб кўринг (расмлар тўлиқ кўриниши учун уларнинг устига босинг).

Alt+Tab   Windows+Tab

    Очиқ дарчалар орасида алмашинишни ALT+TAB ёки Windows+TAB тугмалар бирикмаси билан амалга ошириш мумкин.

    Агар экранда жуда кўп дарчалар очилган ва сизга айнан керак бўлган дарчани аниқ билсангиз, барча очиқ турган дарчаларнинг эскизларини кўриш учун ALT+TAB ёки Windows+TAB ни босинг. Сўнгра ALT ёки Windows  тугмани босиб турган ҳолда TAB ни то сизга керакли дарча олдинги соҳага чиқмагунча босинг.

   Дарчаларни йиғиш ва иш столига ўтиш. Агар барча очиқ дарчаларни тез йиғиштириш ва ишчи столга ўтиш зарур бўлса Windows+D тугмалар бирикмасидан фойдаланинг. Бор-йўғи икита тугма ва иш столи қаришингизда (расмлар тўлиқ кўриниши учун уларнинг устига босинг).

  Windows+D

Windows+D  тугмалар бирикмасини босишгача бўлган иш столи.

    Windows+D after

Windows+D  тугмалар бирикмасини босгандан кейинги иш столи

    Дарчани йиғиш. Дарчани йиғиш билан унинг орқасида нима борлигини кўриш мумкин. Буни Windows+DOWN ARROW (кўрсаткич пастга) тугмалари бирикмасини босиш орқали осонгина амалга ошириш мумкин. Агар дарча экранда тўлиқ очиқ ҳолатда бўлса, одатдаги ўлчамгача кичрайади ва агар дарча одатдаги ўлчамда бўлса йиғилади.

    Дарчани очиш (ёйиш). Бу ишни Windows+UP ARROW (кўрсаткич юқорига) тугмалар бирикмаси орқали амалга оширишингиз мумкин.  Юқоридаги тугмалар биркмаси каби таъсир қилади.

    Дарчаларни бошқаришнинг қизиқарли усуллари. Сиз ҳайрон қолишингиз мумкин, аммо ҳақиқатдан ҳам очиқ дарчалар ва дастурларни бошқаришнинг янада кўпроқ имкониятлари мавжуд.

    Дарчаларни тезкор таққослаш. Бунинг учун Windows +LEFT ARROW (кўрсатгич чапга) ёки RIGHT ARROW (кўрсатгич ўнга) тугмалар бирикмасидан фойдаланиш мумкин.

    Snap функциясидан фойдаланиш орқали, сиз иккита ҳужжатни осонгина таққослашингиз мумкин ёки бўлмаса бошқа драчани кузатиб туриш билан бир вақтнинг ўзида бажараётган ишингизни (масалан ёзишни) амалга оширса бўлади. Windows+LeftКўрсатилган тугмалар бирикмаси эса бу ишни янада осонлаштириш мумкин. Ҳозироқ синаб кўринг.

    Windows тугмасини босган ҳолатда ушлаб туриб, LEFT ARROW ёки RIGHT ARROW тугмаларини навбат билан босинг ва керакли дарчани экраннинг бирорта чеккасига жойлаштиринг. Бошқа дарчани танланг ва юқоридаги тугмалар бирикмасидан фойдаланинг (расмлар тўлиқ кўриниши учун уларнинг устига босинг).

   Бир нечта мониторлардан фойдаланганда дарчаларни ўтказиш. Агар сиз бир вақтнинг ўзида бир нечта монитордан фойдаланаётган бўлсангиз ва очиқ дарчани бир монитордан бошқасига ўтказиш зарур бўлса, бу ишни Windows+SHIFT+LEFT ARROW ёки RIGHT ARROW тугмалар бирикмаси билан осонгина жуда тез бажаришингиз мумкин.

    Жараёнларни бошқариш. Сиз одатда юкланишлар диспетчерини (Task Manager) CONTROL+SHIFT+ESCочиш ёки компютерни қулфлаш (блокировкалаш) учун CONTROL+ALT+DELETE тугмалари бирикмасидан фойдалансангиз керак. Аммо бундай ҳаракатларни бажариш учун бошқа тугмалар бирикмаси ҳам мавжуд. Юкланишлар диспетчерини очиш учун CONTROL+SHIFT+ESC тугмалар бирикмасидан фойдаланса ҳам бўлади. Оддийгина ушбу тугмалар бирикмасини босинг ва юкланишлар диспетчери оралиқ қадамларсиз қаршингизда пайдо бўлади (расмлар тўлиқ кўриниши учун уларнинг устига босинг).

    Компютерни қулфлаш (блокировкалаш) ёки фойдаланувчини алмаштириш. Windows  +L тугмалар бирикмасини босганингизда компютер қулфланади ва тизимга кириш экрани акс этади.

    Қулай тақдимот режимини танлаш. Тақдимот қилишнинг қай бир режимини Windows+Pтанлашни ҳоҳласангиз сизга Windows+P тугмалар бирикмаси ёрдамга келади. Тақдимот пайтида ёки бир нечта мониторлардан фойдаланиш пайтида созлашларни бир неча марта осонгина алмаштириш мумкин бўлади (расмлар тўлиқ кўриниши учун уларнинг устига босинг).

    Масштабни кўпайтириш ёки камайтириш. Масштабни кўпайтириш ёки камайтириш учун Windows+»PLUS» белгиси ёки «MINUS» белгисидан фойдаланишингиз мумкин. «PLUS» (+) белгиси босилганда масштаб ошади, «MINUS» (-) белигси эса масштабни кичиклаштиради. Бу веб-саҳифанинг майда ҳарфли матнларини ўқиш ёки фото расмларни диққат билан ўрганиш имконини беради (расмлар тўлиқ кўриниши учун уларнинг устига босинг).

Windows+FWindows+F after

    Аввалги пайтларда файллар ва папкаларни излаш археологик қазишмаларга ўхшар эди. Аммо ҳозир буни тез ва самарали амалга ошириш мумкин. Windows+F тугмалар бирикмаси ёрдамида излаш дарчасини очинг ва бир нечта калит сўзларни киритинг ва излаган файлингиз қаршингизда.

    Агар мен юқорида таъкидлаб ўтган маслаҳатлар сизга озгина ёрдам берса ва ишингизни бир оз бўлсада енгиллаштира олса мен будан жуда хурсанд бўламан.

    Muallif: ©usm.uz

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